College and Career Readiness
Hidalgo Early College High School (Grades 9–12)
Hidalgo Independent School District
Hidalgo Early College High School (HECHS) serves a student population (total = 893) that is 99.8% Hispanic, 90.6% economically disadvantaged, 24.9% Limited English Proficient (LEP), and 64.8% at risk.
HECHS’s advanced course/dual enrollment completion rates and percentage of Recommended High School Plan (RHSP)/Distinguished Achievement Plan (DAP) graduates were higher than state average and peer district averages (see Supporting Evidence for more information).
In this summary, find out how the campus:
- Established Career Pathways, the district’s Career and Technical Education (CTE) Program
- Established agreements with area colleges to provide student access to dual enrollment and/or locally articulated college courses and technical certification programs
- Sends middle and high school teachers to Advanced Placement Program (AP) training to increase rigor across the curriculum
- Provides a master’s degree professional development incentive to increase the number of dual enrollment courses that can be taught by HECHS staff on campus
- Requires all middle school students to take a class to explore career options, engage in career planning, and choose a career pathway to pursue
Strategies that are aligned with research-based best practices in supporting students in college and career readiness include (see Research Base for more information):
- Intervening early, when students are developing their college and career aspirations
- Emphasizing rigor and high expectations for all students, along with appropriate counseling and other supports
- Collaborating with postsecondary institutions, economic development agencies, and employers to help create smoother transitions to college and the workforce
- Using the U.S. Department of Education career cluster designations and implementing them based on student interests and career goals
- Ensuring that all students, including those from underrepresented racial/ethnic minority groups and lower-income families, have access to high-quality high school courses
- Implementing dual-credit, tech prep, CTE, career academies, and college prep programs
- Providing students with innovative programs that allow them to earn college credits in high school
Demographics 2008-09Source: Academic Excellence Indicator System (AEIS)
- Since 1997−98, Hidalgo ISD has had a graduation requirement of 27 credits, which is higher than state requirements. (The previous state requirement of 24 credits for the RHSP and DAP was increased to 26 credits for ninth graders entering high school in 2007−08.) Staff reported that there was also a districtwide emphasis on graduation with a DAP diploma.
- The district’s CTE program, Career Pathways,1 was established in 2003 with agreements with South Texas College (STC) and Texas State Technical College (TSTC) to provide student access to dual enrollment and/or locally articulated college courses2 in core subject areas as well as technical certification programs.
- In 2005−06, the district entered into a partnership with the University of Texas-Pan American (UTPA) to establish an early college high school with funding from the Communities Foundation of Texas (CFT) and TEA. The goal of the early college model is to allow students to earn both a high school diploma and up to two years of college credit tuition free while in high school. Rather than using the typical approach of creating a small early college high school campus serving a select group of students, the district transformed its entire comprehensive high school into an early college campus, offering college-level courses to all its students through two academies, the Academy of Science and Technology and the Academy of Human Services. After a year of planning, the early college was established in 2006−07.
- Two THSP videos featuring HECHS students can be viewed at: http://www.thsp.org/voices/index.htm
Academically Acceptable (2009–10)Implementation Highlights:
Early College Awareness
- Examples of early college awareness activities included college displays at elementary and middle school campuses, field trips to colleges and universities, campus visits from college recruiters, and career days.
- In 2006−07, with local funds, the district created a college-readiness facilitator position at Hidalgo ISD’s only middle school. The facilitator’s role included working with campus and district staff and students from elementary to high school to coordinate expanded early college awareness programming and activities districtwide. Beginning in summer 2009, the facilitator coordinated summer teacher working sessions to vertically align the curriculum from middle school through high school, with plans to extend alignment to the elementary grades.
- To increase rigor across the curriculum, the district sent middle and high school teachers to College Board Advanced Placement (AP) Program training and began implementation of a pre-AP program in Grades 6−8.
- A college success course focused on developing academic habits and skills (e.g., study habits, notetaking) was integrated into the eighth-grade curriculum, and all eighth-grade and high school teachers received training on the course strategies and expectations.
- During the summer between the eighth and ninth grades, all students were strongly encouraged to participate in the district’s Texas Higher Education Assessment (THEA) Academy, a one-month prep course for the state’s college entrance exam.3 Tutoring and exam preparation were provided during the Academy in reading, writing, and mathematics by middle and high school teachers during half-day sessions, Monday−Thursday. Students took the THEA, and test results were used by campus staff as early assessments of student needs in terms of college readiness. Staff reported that participation in the THEA Academy prepared students for taking PSAT, SAT, and other college entrance exams. Students were reassessed regularly on the THEA throughout high school to help determine course selection and scheduling.
Early College High School
- District staff met with the UTPA Vice Provost to identify college-level courses that were aligned with the high school curriculum and that would be appropriate for high school students at the lower grade levels. College courses included in the high school schedule for freshmen and sophomores were specifically chosen to give all students an opportunity to be successful in rigorous courses in non-core content areas. For example, in ninth grade, students could take a college-level art appreciation or music appreciation course for fine arts credit. A college-level kinesiology course in 10th grade was offered for health credit. These courses were taught on the HECHS campus by a high school teacher qualified to serve as an adjunct instructor and teach a college-level course. During the summer of the sophomore year, UTPA instructors came to the campus to offer a communications and computer information systems program for six hours of college credit. In addition to these college courses,4 students in Grades 9 and 10 took regular high school and AP courses as well.
- During the junior and senior years, most students took primarily college courses. For students in 11th and 12th grade, some college-level courses were taught by qualified HECHS staff on the high school campus, some courses were taught by UTPA instructors on the HECHS campus, and, for some other courses, the district bussed students to the UTPA campus where HECHS students attended classes with college students. In addition, students took college-level courses associated with a chosen career pathway (see below) through agreements with STC and TSTC at either the high school or postsecondary campus, depending on the course.
- An HECHS teacher in the appropriate subject area was assigned to attend all summer courses taught by college faculty to HECHS high school students. The HECHS teacher conducted the high school-level administrative tasks for the instructor (e.g., announcements, monitoring bathroom breaks) and provided mandatory tutoring and test preparation support aligned with the course. Students were scheduled for classes with the HECHS teacher on days when the college course was not meeting. Assigned teachers received a stipend.
- To increase the number of courses that could be taught by HECHS staff on campus, the district implemented a master’s degree professional development incentive ($500 per first six semester hours and $100 per additional three hours) to encourage teachers to pursue advanced diplomas and qualify to teach college-level courses. A college course teaching stipend ($500 per college course) was also offered by the district to high school teachers with the credentials to teach these courses. Since the implementation of the incentive program, approximately 15 HECHS teachers had become qualified to teach college-level courses, including English, college algebra, pre-calculus, science, music and art, U.S. history, and government.
- With bond funding, the district designed a campus building renovation to more closely resemble a college campus.
- Hidalgo ISD implemented districtwide career readiness programming beginning with career exploration initiatives at the middle school level to help students gain a greater understanding of career pathways at HECHS. A Career Investigations class taught by a certified technology teacher was included in all middle school students’ schedules. In the class, students conducted an interest inventory, explored career options, and engaged in career planning through an online program developed by Pitsco Education, which also provided hands-on, work-related activities for students in eight different job pathways.
- Toward the end of eighth grade, middle school counselors made a presentation on the high school Career Pathways program during the Career Investigations class, describing the five career pathways offered at HECHS. These pathways were:
- Health Science Technology;
- Business and Marketing;
- Human Development, Management, and Service;
- Industrial and Engineering Technology; and
- Personal and Protective Services.
- The high school counselors then visited the middle school to assist students in choosing a career pathway and designing a high school schedule. (High school counselors were then assigned students by career pathway rather than by alphabetical order.)
- Upon entering high school, ninth-grade students who had chosen the Health Science Technology pathway began taking the first course in the CTE sequence for their chosen field. In the other pathways, students took a one-semester class called “Career Connections” in order to:
- further define their career interests;
- engage in development of a career profile that included an assessment of workforce demand, a projected salary analysis, and a specific required training and academic coursework plan; and
- practice professional jobseeking strategies (developing a resume, completing applications, interviewing).
- In addition, students did virtual (and real) job shadowing in their chosen fields. In the other half of the ninth-grade year, students in the four pathways other than Health Science Technology participated in a teen leadership class, which was based on a purchased curriculum developed by The Flippen Group.
- Typical CTE coursework in each of the five pathways included introductory and foundational courses, intermediate and advanced methodology or technical specializations, and, when possible, on-the-job practicum or culminating certification courses. The Health Science Technology pathway provided four full years of CTE coursework with primary programming focused on health career professions, including a certified nursing assistants program. The other four pathways provided introductory coursework taught by HECHS teachers followed by off-campus coursework through programs offering specialized technical certification at STC or TSTC.
- Many of the advanced courses in the CTE pathway sequences, including certification courses, were offered through partnerships with local colleges, STC and TSTC. The district also had local articulation agreements with STC for several courses taught by qualified high school staff. The district offered articulated courses in introductory accounting, marketing, and health sciences, which were taught by high school teachers meeting STC requirements for instructors.
- Counselors made regular classroom presentations to students as a group providing career counseling and CTE pre-registration support.
- To support collaboration and integration of core area content courses and the Career Pathways program, core content area and CTE teachers and counselors participated in a unique internship program in the region to align K−12 education with skills and knowledge required for the regional workforce. The Academic Leadership Alliance (ALA) is a partnership with the McAllen Economic Development Corporation, TechPrep of the Rio Grande Valley, STC, Region I Education Service Center, and local areas businesses (for details, see http://www.esc1.net/12931098114549483/site/default.asp). The Alliance sponsors a three-week summer internship program, the ALA Summer Educator Internship, for groups of teachers and staff who work in area industries to develop lessons and align curriculum with needed workforce skills and knowledge.
- Groups of 16−20 Hidalgo ISD teachers and staff participated in the internship program each year. At the conclusion of the internship, participants met for a week to share information about industry needs, brainstorm about how and where workforce knowledge and skills could be integrated into the curriculum, and develop lesson plans around their internship experiences. Participants were required to make presentations about the internship during in-service days to share with the larger faculty. Participants were also required to present the lesson plans to other teachers in departmental meetings and discuss strategies for addressing needs within the content area. Finally, participants were required to present and refine their lesson plans in their classrooms before they could receive the full stipend for participation. Program participation was funded by the district and regional businesses participating in the Alliance.
Resources, Cost Components, and Sources of Funding:
- This practice was implemented using a combination of CFT and TEA grant funds, High School Allotment funds, and bond funding.
- Staff reported that the purpose of their efforts was to provide relevant and substantial links to postsecondary options for all students, without making a distinction between four-year universities and two-year technical college programs.
- Staff also reported that by engaging in early awareness and planning around possible careers, completing career-aligned coursework through the CTE program, and engaging in other early professional preparation activities, student perception of the relevance of learning and academic study was enhanced.
- The practice of assigning a high school teacher to attend, facilitate, and support college-level courses, staff said, was a great opportunity for staff development that helped the teacher to align high school instruction with college-level expectations. The practice also helped to build rapport between high school and college staff participating in the program.
Established Best PracticeOverview of Evidence:
Since 2003–04, HECHS advanced course/dual enrollment completion rates were consistently above both state averages and peer campus comparison group averages that included 40 campuses.5
In 2007−08, the most current year for which these data were available in AEIS, the HECHS advanced course/dual enrollment completion rate was 51%, compared to the state average of 23% and the peer campus group average of 23%. Chart 1 shows trend data comparing HECHS’s advanced course/dual enrollment completion rate to state and peer campus group averages from 2003–04 to 2007–08.
Since 2003–04, the percentages of HECHS graduates who completed the Recommended High School Program (RHSP) or Distinguished Achievement Program (DAP) graduation plans were consistently above both state averages and peer campus comparison group averages. In 2007−08, the most current year for which these data were available, the HECHS RHSP/DAP graduation rate was 98%, compared to the state average of 81% and the peer campus group average of 89%. Chart 2 shows trend data comparing HECHS’s RHSP/DAP graduation rates to state and peer campus group averages from 2003–04 to 2007–08.
The BPC compared all students from HECHS to all students in the state for advanced course/dual enrollment completion and RHSP/DAP graduation rates from 2003–04 to 2007–08. Across both measures, each comparison was statistically significant (p
<.05). The BPC also compared students from HECHS to students in the 40 peer campus comparison group for advanced course/dual enrollment completion and RHSP/DAP graduation rates from 2003–04 to 2007–08. Across both measures, each comparison was statistically significant (p
<.05). Source: Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS)
- ACT. (2010). Mind the gaps: How college readiness narrows achievement gaps in college success. Iowa City, Iowa: Author. Retrieved from http://www.act.org/research/policymakers/pdf/MindTheGaps.pdf
- Bangser, M. (2008). Preparing high school students for successful transitions to postsecondary education and employment. Washington, DC: American Institutes for Research, National High School Center. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.org/docs/PreparingHSStudentsforTransition_073108.pdf
- Texas Education Agency. (2010). Big ideas for building local college and career initiatives. Austin, TX: Author. Retrieved from http://www.achievetexas.org/DocFiles/ATX_BestPractices_Final_32410.pdf
- Tierney, W. G., Bailey, T., Constantine, J., Finkelstein, N., & Hurd, N. F. (2009). Helping students navigate the path to college: What high schools can do: A practice guide (NCEE #2009-4066). Washington, DC: National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/publications/practiceguides/
2 Unlike dual enrollment courses, courses offered through local articulation agreements provide college credit only at the institutions with which the agreements were made.
3 The THEA was approved by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, under Senate Bill 286, Texas Education Code, Section 51.3062: Texas Success Initiative, for use by Texas institutions of higher education as an assessment instrument to evaluate incoming students.
4 Students could take up to 12 college hours before having to pass the THEA.