Homeless Issues FAQ

 

 According to the McKinney-Vento Act, all LEAs (school districts, charter schools and education service centers) must adhere to the following requirements:

  1. Every LEA must designate an appropriate staff person as a local homeless education liaison. This person may also be a coordinator for other federal programs. Region 10 and the Texas Homeless Education Office maintain a statewide database of Homeless Liaisons. District liaisons can be found by searching the alphabetical list by district, or by selecting the appropriate region from the state map.  Is your district on this list? Is the information correct? If not, please complete the liaison form on the website or submit the following form and either fax or email to David Ray at Region 10 ESC at david.ray@region10.org; phone: 972.348.1786; fax: 972.348.1787. Additional information pertaining to homeless liaison requirements may be found at:
    1. Local Educational Agency Liaisons Fact Sheet
    2. The Educational Rights of Students in Homeless Situations: What District Administrators Should Know

  2. Every LEA must identify students experiencing homelessness within their district. This process must be done regularly and in a way that is auditable. In Texas, most districts choose to use a student residency questionnaire to help determine whether or not students qualify as homeless under the McKinney-Vento Act. Additional information pertaining to identification may be found at:
    1. Student Residency Questionnaire (English and Spanish)
    2. Checklist for Identifying Students Experiencing Homelessness

  3. Students who are experiencing homelessness are to be enrolled immediately. Districts cannot require students experiencing homelessness to provide proof of residency, immunizations, birth certificates guardianship documents, or any other sort of required paperwork before enrolling. Requiring missing paperwork or any other delay to enrollment is a violation of the McKinney-Vento Act. Additional information pertaining to enrollment may be found at:
    1. Enrollment (Law into Practice)
    2. FAQ on Immunization Requirements for School Admittance
    3. Prompt and Proper Placement: Enrolling Students without Records

  4. Students who are experiencing homelessness have the right to attend school in their school of origin or in the school in the attendance area where the family or youth is currently residing. School of origin is defined as the school in which the child/youth was enrolled when they became homeless, or the school in which the child/youth was last enrolled. The campus a child attends is determined by which campus can serve the best interests of the child. In Texas a student experiencing homelessness may enroll in any district they choose, regardless of the location of their residence, school of origin or attendance zone campus. Additional information pertaining to school selection may be found at:
    1. School Selection Fact Sheet
    2. School Selection Provisions from the McKinney-Vento Act and the Texas Education Code
    3. Checklist for McKinney-Vento School Choice Considerations

  5. Disagreements over school enrollment and best interest determinations must be resolved through the dispute resolution process. While in the dispute resolution process the child is entitled to attend the campus in question until the matter is resolved. Additional information pertaining to dispute resolution may be found at:
    1. Dispute Resolution
    2. Sample Dispute Resolution Notification Letter

  6. Students experiencing homelessness have the right to transportation to their school of origin. This provision applies even if a student moves outside of the school of origins’ attendance zone or district boundaries. School of origin transportation must continue for the duration of the child’s homelessness or until the end of the school year in which a child becomes permanently housed. Additional information pertaining to transportation may be found at:
    1. Transportation Fact Sheet
    2. Transportation Questions and Answers

  7. Students experiencing homelessness who are not on a Title-I campus are eligible to receive Title-I services. These services are provided at the discretion of the LEA through existing Title-I programs or through the use of Title-I, Part A set-aside funds for students who are not on Title-I campuses. Students on Title-I campuses may receive additional supplemental services to the services being provided on their campus through the Title-I, Part A set-asides as well. Services may include: personal school supplies, items of clothing that are necessary to meet a school’s dress requirement, immunizations, supplemental counseling services, tutoring, costs associated with credit recovery, or other similar activities to address a child’s opportunity for school success. Additional information pertaining to Title I may be found at:
    1. Four Methods for Determining New Mandatory Title I, part A Set-Aside for Homeless Children
    2. Title I and Homelessness

  8. For more information about homeless students, services, and opportunities, please visit the TEXAS HOMELESS EDUCATION OFFICE website at http://www.utdanacenter.org/theo/.

Page last modified on 11/1/2011 11:43:28 AM.