Education of Homeless Students

 

 All Texas public schools, charter schools, and education services centers, collectively known as local education agencies (LEAs), must follow federal rules concerning the education of homeless students. These requirement are detailed in the McKinney-Vento Act, all LEAs. 

Homeless Education Liaisons

Every LEA must designate an appropriate staff person as a local homeless education liaison. This person can also coordinate other federal programs. Region 10 and the Texas Homeless Education Office maintain a statewide database of Homeless Liaisons. Search for district liaisons using the alphabetical district list or by selecting the appropriate region from the state map. If your district is not in the database or your information is incorrect, please complete the liaison form on the website or submit the following form and either fax or email to: 

David Ray at Region 10 ESC
david.ray@region10.org 
phone: (972) 348-1786
fax: (972) 348-1787 

Additional Resources

Local Educational Agency Liaisons Fact Sheet

The Educational Rights of Students in Homeless Situations: What District Administrators Should Know

Homeless Student Identification

Every LEA must identify students experiencing homelessness within their district. This process must be done regularly and in a way that is auditable. In Texas, most districts choose to use a student residency questionnaire to help determine whether or not students qualify as homeless under the McKinney-Vento Act. 

Additional Resources

Student Residency Questionnaire (English and Spanish)

Checklist for Identifying Students Experiencing Homelessness

    Homeless Student Enrollment

    Students who are experiencing homelessness are to be enrolled immediately. Districts cannot require students experiencing homelessness to provide proof of residency, immunizations, birth certificates guardianship documents, or any other sort of required paperwork before enrolling. Requiring missing paperwork or any other delay to enrollment is a violation of the McKinney-Vento Act. 

    Additional Resources

    Enrollment (Law into Practice)

    FAQ on Immunization Requirements for School Admittance

    Prompt and Proper Placement: Enrolling Students without Records

    Homeless Student School Choice

    Students who are experiencing homelessness have the right to attend school in their school of origin or in the school in the attendance area where the family or youth is currently residing. School of origin is defined as the school in which the child/youth was enrolled when they became homeless, or the school in which the child/youth was last enrolled. The campus a child attends is determined by which campus can serve the best interests of the child. In Texas a student experiencing homelessness may enroll in any district they choose, regardless of the location of their residence, school of origin or attendance zone campus. 

    Additional Resources

    School Selection Fact Sheet

    School Selection Provisions from the McKinney-Vento Act and the Texas Education Code

    Checklist for McKinney-Vento School Choice Considerations

    Dispute Resolution

    Disagreements over school enrollment and best interest determinations must be resolved through the dispute resolution process. While in the dispute resolution process the child is entitled to attend the campus in question until the matter is resolved.

    Additional Resources

    Dispute Resolution

    Sample Dispute Resolution Notification Letter

    Transportation

    Students experiencing homelessness have the right to transportation to their school of origin. This provision applies even if a student moves outside of the school of origins’ attendance zone or district boundaries. School of origin transportation must continue for the duration of the child’s homelessness or until the end of the school year in which a child becomes permanently housed. 

    Additional Resources

    Transportation Fact Sheet

    Transportation Questions and Answers

    Title I Services

    Students experiencing homelessness who are not on a Title-I campus are eligible to receive Title-I services.
    These services are provided at the discretion of the LEA through existing Title-I programs or through the use of Title-I, Part A set-aside funds for students who are not on Title-I campuses. Students on Title-I campuses may receive additional supplemental services to the services being provided on their campus through the Title-I, Part A set-asides as well. Services may include: personal school supplies, items of clothing that are necessary to meet a school’s dress requirement, immunizations, supplemental counseling services, tutoring, costs associated with credit recovery, or other similar activities to address a child’s opportunity for school success. 

    Additional Resources

    Four Methods for Determining New Mandatory Title I, part A Set-Aside for Homeless ChildrenTitle I and Homelessness

     


     

    For more information about homeless students, services, and opportunities, please visit the Texas Homeless Education website.

    Page last modified on 10/8/2014 03:02:03 PM.